The city was founded in the 2nd century B.C. by Attalus, the King of Pergamon. Antalya is the pearl of Mediterranean Region. It's a rich land of history with its historical sites, which had been home for several civilizations and a heaven of sea & sun with its unique coastline and coastal towns (Alanya, Side Aspendos, Perge, Kemer, Phaselis, Thermessos...) Places of interest to see in Antalya are the fine museum of archaeology, the broken minaret mosque which had also been a church, Hadrian's Gate and the antique Roman Harbor.
The Mediterranean, Turkey
In Antalya , the pine-clad Toros (Taurus) Mountains sweep down to the sparkling clear sea forming an irregular coastline of rocky headlands and secluded coves. The region, bathed in sunshine for 300 days of the year, is a paradise of sun bathing, swimming, and sporting activities like windsurfing, waterskiing, sailing, mountain climbing and spelunking. If you come to Antalya in March and April, you can ski the slopes in the mornings and in the afternoons swim in the warm waters of the Mediterranean . Important historical sites await your discovery, amid a landscape of pine forests, olive and citrus groves and palm, avocado and banana plantations. The Turkish Riviera is Turkey 's tourism capital. Its full range of accommodations, from tourist-class to deluxe hotels, and the hospitable people of Antalya will make your holiday comfortable and enjoyable.
Set amid amazing scenery of sharp contrasts, Antalya , Turkey 's principal holiday resort, is an attractive city with shady, palm-lined boulevards and a prize-winning marina. In the picturesque old quarter, Kaleici, narrow, winding streets and old wooden houses abut the ancient city walls. Since its founding in the second century BC by Attalos II, a king of Pergamon, who named the city Attaleia after him, Antalya has been continuously inhabited. The Romans, Byzantines and Seljuks successively occupied the city before it came under Ottoman rule. The elegant, fluted minaret of the Yivli Minareli Mosque in the center of the city, built by the Seljuk sultan Alaeddin Keykubat in the 13th-century, has become Antalya 's symbol. The Karatay Medrese (theological college) in the Kaleici district, from the same period, exemplifies the best of Seljuk stone carving. The two most important Ottoman mosques in the city are the 16th-century Murat Pasa Mosque, remarkable for its tile decoration, and the 18th-century Tekeli Mehmet Pasa Mosque. Neighboring the marina, the attractive late 19th-century iskele Mosque is built of cut stone and set on four pillars over a natural spring. The Hidirlik Kulesi (tower) probably was originally constructed as a lighthouse in the second century. The Kesik Minaret Mosque attests to the city's long history in its succession of Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman renovations. When Emperor Hadrian visited Antalya in 130 AD a beautifully decorated three-arched gate was built into the city walls in his honor. Near the marina the two towers ranking the gate and other sections of the walls still stand. The clock tower in Kalekapisi Square was also part of the old city's fortifications. In the Ataturk and Karaalioglu Parks , with their colourful exotic towers and the bay's shimmering water in front of you and the mountains behind, you will have no doubt why Antalya has become such a popular resort. An Aqua Park , on the eastern coast, has every kind of water sport, including many, interesting water-slides. The award-winning Antalya Kaleici Marina and Leisure Center is considered one of the loveliest marinas in Turkey This center can well meet every tourist's need with its many souvenir shops, friendly cafes and restaurants as well as yacht moorings and services. Sail in the morning and enjoy the restful peace of the marina in the afternoon. The old city walls, lit at night, lend an atmosphere of serenity and timelessness. The Archaeological Museum , with remains from the Paleolithic Age to Ottoman times, offers a glimpse of the area's rich history. This museum was awarded by the European Council in 1988 as the best museum of the year. You'll have the chance to explore these places of interest with our professional guides. The Ataturk Museum displays objects used by the founder of the Turkish Republic . (Both open weekdays except Monday) The Antalya Altin Portakal (Golden Orange) Film and Art Festival, field in the autumn, attracts both participants and visitors. The ancient theatre in Aspendos makes an impressive setting for some of the festivals plays and concerts. Antalya also hosts annual jewellery fairs.
The Antalya Region, offering all the mysticism of past in our day, is now called the "Turkish Riviera" due to its archaeological and natural beauties. Antalya is the place where sea, sun, history and nature constitute a perfect harmony and which also includes the most beautiful and clearest coast along the Mediterranean . The city still preserves its importance as a center throughout history in the south coast of the country, in addition to its wonderful natural beauties. The mythological city which housed the Gods and Goddesses now exhibits all its secrets and marvels to mankind.
Antalya is located in the west of the Mediterranean region. In ancient times it covered all Pamphylia which means "the land of all tribes". The land really deserves the name since it has witnessed many successive civilizations throughout history. In 1st century BC the Pergamum king Attalus ordered his men to find the most beautiful piece of land on earth; he wanted them to find "heaven on earth". After a long search all over the world, they discovered this land and said "This must be 'Heaven' " and King Attalus founded the city giving it the name "Attaleia". From then on many nations kept their eyes on the city. When the Romans took over the Pergamene Kingdom , Attaleia became an outstanding Roman city which the great Roman Emperor Hadrian visited in 130 AD; an arch was built in his honor which is now worth seeing. Then came the Byzantines, after which the Seljuk Turks took over the city in 1207 and gave it a different name, Adalya, and built the Yivli Minaret. The Ottomans followed the Seljuks and finally within the Turkish Republic it became a Turkish city and an important port. Antalya has been growing rapidly since 1960 and its population is 1,146,109 according to the 1990 census.
The climate of the province is typical Mediterranean : hot and dry in summers and temperate and rainy in winters. Sunshine is guaranteed from April to October and the winters are pleasantly mild. The humidity is a little bit high, about 64%, and the average water temperature is 21.5 °C. Antalya is really a heavenly place where the summer season is about 8-9 months long.
You may reach Antalya from almost every city of the country, and even from little towns, coach companies going to Antalya are available.
Antalya has an international airport which may connect you to major cities. It has modern facilities including waiting rooms, restaurants, cafe-bar, and a shopping center. The Antalya Airport International Terminal is operated in Turkey's primary holiday destination located on the country’s Mediterranean coast. The Airport Terminal serves about 40% of all tourists coming to Turkey by air. Around 10 Million passengers pass through the terminal every year and this constitutes 99 % of all holidaymakers coming into Antalya and environs. This potential makes a significant contribution to the Turkish economy.
When traveling by sea, one can use the Antalya Venice Ferryboat line.
Antalya and its surrounding is an important and noteworthy touristy center on the Mediterranean Coast with its perfect climate and splendid harmony of archaeological, historical and natural beauties, throughout the year. Daily tours to surrounding touristy areas like Side, Alanya and Termessos are available, in addition to longer tours to Pamukkale or Cappadocia or anywhere you would like to go. Professional tourist guides are also available.
City Walls: The memorial Hadrian Arch and The Clock Tower are remarkable and date back to Hellenistic era.
This is the nucleus of a city which embraced many civilizations during time. It is now restored and has became a most attractive touristy center with its hotels, restaurants, shopping and entertainment facilities. Kaleici retains all the original ancient Turkish archaeological characteristics. The port's marina has been completely restored and is well worth visiting. The restoration activities in Kaleici won the Golden Apple Prize, the Oscar of tourism.
A prize winning museum and one of the most notable archaeology museums, of the world. It is also the only museum in Turkey with a children's department exhibiting ancient monuments appealing to children.
This ornamental marble arch was constructed in 2nd century BC by the Romans in honour of the Emperor Hadrian. It is the most amazing area in the whole ancient Pamphylia region.
Kesik Minaret (Broken Minaret)
Once a Byzantine Panaglia church, later converted into a mosque.
This fluted minaret of 13th century was built by the Seljuks. Decorated with dark blue and turquoise tiles, the minaret eventually became the symbol of the city.
Karatay Medresesi, Hidirilk Tower , Ahi Yusuf Mescidi, Iskele Mosque, Murat Pasa Mosque, Tekeli Mehmet Pasa Mosque, Balibey Mosque, Musellim Mosque, Seyh Sinan Efendi Mosque and Osman Efendi Mosque are other places to be visited.
"Han"s are Seljuk or Ottoman inns which have architectural significance. Some worth visiting are the Evdir Han, Klrkoz Han, Alara Han and Castle and Sarapsu (Serapsu) Han.
Ancient Cities in Antalya
It is a Pisidyan city with remnants of an agora, theatre and an odeon. It has a reputation of being the most magnificent necropolis on the Mediterranean , 35 kms northwest of Antalya.
18 kms northeast of Antalya . The ruins are spread on two hills, the theatre on one and the acropolis on the other. According to the legend the city was built by three heroes from Troy.
34 kms from Antalya on the Alanya direction. It is situated between Aspendos and Perge and dates back to 4th.century BC.
One of the most important Pamphilian cities. It is situated on the point where the Kopru River meets the sea. Once an important port and a commercial centre, it has a reputation for raising the best horses on earth. The odeon, basilica, galleria and fountains are worth seeing.
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